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Common European Framework – Description of Levels

Description of Levels A1 

  • Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. 
  • Can introduce him/herself and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. 
  • Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help. 

Description of Levels A2 

  • Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). 
  • Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. 
  • Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need. 

Description of Levels B1 

  • Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. 
  • Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken. 
  • Can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest. 
  • Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans. 

Description of Levels B2

  • Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation. 
  • Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. 
  • Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options. 

Description of Levels C1 

  • Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning. 
  • Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. 
  • Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. 
  • Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices. 

Description of Levels C2 

  • Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read. 
  • Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. 
  • Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in the most complex situations.